Your skin acts as a protective barrier that protects the delicate tissue, nerves, and organs from exposure to the environment. Because of this, it is exposed to various harmful organisms and substances such as germs, bacteria, chemicals, contaminants, allergens, etc. Your skin has more than 7 million pores and it is important that you follow strict hygiene measures so that it stays clean and your pores open all the time. Almost all of us do it by showering or bathing daily. A lack of adequate hygiene could increase the risks of various skin diseases significantly.
Many skin diseases are caused by environmental factors such as the presence of bacteria or viruses. However, genetic factors can also contribute to the development of a large number of problems. Some of the skin diseases are relatively minor, as they do not carry any pain or discomfort. However, in several instances, a skin disease can be quite serious and even potentially life threatening. Some diseases are hardly noticeable, while others can cause embarrassment, as they lead to drastic changes in the appearance of the skin. Cutaneous diseases can be mainly of four types:
Bacterial Skin Diseases:
A bacterial disease occurs when the bacteria enters your skin, through an injury or fracture. Most bacterial cutaneous diseases in humans are caused by staphylococci or staphylococcal bacteria. Studies indicate that bacteria belonging to this genus are responsible for more than 40% of all skin diseases in humans. Some of the most common examples of bacterial skin diseases include:
- Acne vulgaris
- Viral Skin Diseases
Viral cutaneous diseases, as their name suggests, are caused by certain types of virus. Although these can last for a short time, the symptoms can be much more severe and uncomfortable. Some of the most common examples of viral skin diseases or viral infections that cause exanthema are:
- Herpes (herpes simplex and herpes zoster)
Mycotic Cutaneous Diseases:
The presence of microscopic fungi on the skin can lead to fungal infections in case of overgrowth. These diseases are usually not a cause for great concern, but they could become a problem if they are not controlled in time. The following are some of the most common types of fungal skin diseases:
- Tinea corporis, manus, pedis (Ringworm of the body, Ringworm of the hands, Foot of athlete but the name in Latin can be used)
- Carbuncles and boils
- Congenital Cutaneous Diseases
These skin diseases are common and affect people of all ages. They are usually caused by genetic or environmental factors. Here are some of the most common types of congenital diseases:
Although the above are the most common types of skin diseases, there are others. Skin cancer is an example of other types of diseases that also affect the skin.
Symptoms of Skin Diseases:
There are several different types of skin diseases that can affect you and the symptoms of each are different. In the case of superficial skin disorders, the symptoms are usually visible and can be identified with the naked eye. Here are some of the most common symptoms of skin diseases:
- Appearance of sores on the skin, which can suppurate, tears and fills with scabs
- Itching in the skin, which can increase in intensity at night
- Ampules with fluid that appear on the skin
- Changes in skin color
- Minor bumps or pustules
- Visible blood vessels on the cheeks and nose
- Burning or burning sensation in the eyes
- Easy peeling of the skin
- Rash of small white spots with a white-blue center, which is mainly inside the mouth, especially in the inner lining of the cheek
- Brown or gray patches
- Skin shedding or thickening, cracking
- Increased skin roughness or sensitivity due to prurient
- Inflammation in certain parts of the skin
- Bleeding from cracks or dry skin
- Discoloration of the nails, the tips of the fingers and certain parts of the skin
In many cases, skin diseases can trigger symptoms that are not visible. There are several more signs and also symptoms that could accompany skin diseases such as:
- Stiffness of the joints
- Fever, which could range from moderate to high
- Dry cough
- Throat pain and irritation
- Conjunctivitis or inflammation of the eyes
- Increased sensitivity to light
Symptoms of Skin Diseases, Causes, Remedies, and Diets:
Causes of Skin Diseases:
Skin diseases are widely prevalent throughout the world, although many of them can be prevented. In many instances, people suffer from skin diseases because it comes from family. However, many times, skin diseases are the result of environmental factors. The causes for each type of skin disease can vary. Some of the most common causes of skin diseases include:
- Exposure to harmful chemicals that can damage the skin and result in severe diseases, such as skin cancer. You may be at serious risk of a skin disease if you are in contact with substances such as carbon, creosote, tar, arsenic, paraffin or radio frequencies.
- If you have a cut, a scrape or a wound on the surface of the skin, the bacteria can penetrate the body through these open lesions and lead to an infection or disease.
- Close contact with a person who already suffers from skin diseases and has sores on the skin or cuts.
- Sharing personal items such as food, utensils, clothing, towels, combs, and toys used by an infected person is a reason why these germs that cause the disease spread.
There are several more daily factors as well which can aggravate or even trigger skin diseases, infections and disorders. These everyday factors include:
- Consumption of hot food and beverages
- Being under an enormous amount of stress
- Eating large amounts of spicy foods
- Having unhealthy practices such as smoking
- Sit in the sun for a long time and exceed the sun’s rays
- Exercising strenuously for longer periods than recommended
- Spending too much time in saunas and steam rooms
- Use certain drugs and medicines such as corticosteroids
- Drinking too much alcohol
Home Remedies for Skin Diseases and Natural Cures, Questions and Answers:
Although most skin conditions are not a cause of great concern, many people choose to undergo their treatment mainly because some of the symptoms are visible and lead to great shame. In case it is determined that your skin disease is not serious and does not need to be treated professionally, you could try with home and natural remedies to treat your problem first. Here are some of the common remedies for skin diseases:
- Prepare a mixture using one teaspoon of powdered milk, one teaspoon of freshly squeezed lemon juice, one teaspoon of honey and one-half teaspoon of sweet almond oil. After mixing all the ingredients perfectly, apply them on the face and leave them for a space of at least 15 to 20 minutes. Rinse skin with fresh water and use a mild soap if necessary. This helps to reduce most of the symptoms and adds a natural sheen to the skin.
- Take two tablespoons of unflavored yogurt and add an equal amount of plain oats. Mix the ingredients well and then apply that mixture over the affected parts of the skin. Leave it on for about 10 minutes or so and then rinse the skin with cold water. This also reduces the tan color of the skin and clears it.
- Apply a little fresh Aloe Vera gel directly onto the skin where the symptoms are most evident. This gel not only refreshes and softens the skin but is believed to have anti-fungal and antibacterial properties, which is why it helps to fight problems at a faster pace.
- Follow a workout routine, where you do at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Exercise is important not only for the body but also for the skin. This is because it improves the circulation of blood, oxygen, and nutrients of the skin, thus increasing its immunity and the way it works.
Skin Disease: Home Remedies Suggested by Users:
Diet for Cutaneous Diseases:
It has been known for some time now that there is a correlation between dietary problems and skin deficiencies. However, clinical studies have yet to demonstrate the exact effects and benefits a diet can have a skin disease. It is absolutely essential to follow a healthy and nutritious diet at all times, to reduce the risks of any health problem, including skin diseases.
Be sure to include a high amount of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet at all times, as these foods are high in vitamins and minerals and therefore can minimize the risk of suffering from a nutritional deficiency. Other foods that are also rich in nutrients, vitamins, and minerals include whole grains, nuts, seeds, dairy products, beans, legumes, cereals and lean meat.
However, in many cases, a skin disease could be caused by repeated allergies and food intolerance. Therefore, before adding any food to your diet, it is important that you consult your doctor for approval.
Suggestions for Cutaneous Diseases:
Skin diseases are usually not serious, but this does not mean that they can be left uncured for and ignored. Patients suffering from skin diseases generally experience difficulties in coping with the problem, especially when they are alone. To make things easier, the whole family should make an effort to treat skin diseases and prevent recurrence.